Araw ng San Juan, translated to San Juan Day, is a yearly commemoration of the founding of San Juan City, Metro Manila, Philippines as an independent municipality in 1907 every March 27. The date is a holiday by virtue of Republic Act No. 7669 that became a law on January 10, 1994.
History of San Juan City
The city began as a settlement ruled by King Lacantagean of the Kingdom of Namayan (presently Sta. Ana). During the Spanish colonial period, it was renamed San Juan del Monte after St. John the Baptist and, pertaining to the suffix, after the rolling hills that characterized its lands. Dominican friars erected a house for friars who were recovering from illness in 1602. They also established the church called Santuario del Santo Cristo. In 1783, it became a town under the historical province of Tondo.
Towards the end of Spanish era, it was the site of the first armed encounter between Spanish forces and the Katipunan, the Filipino revolutionary force, on August 30, 1896. The historic event is called Battle of Pinaglabanan.
San Juan was annexed to San Felipe Neri (now the city of Mandaluyong) some time in its history until it was separated from the latter and reacquired its status as a municipality through Act No. 1625 on March 27, 1907. This is the date that Araw ng San Juan celebrates annually. The said law also established the municipality of Las Piñas, which dedicates the date as Las Piñas founding anniversary.
San Juan became a city through the bill filed in Congress by Ronaldo B. Zamora, who is acknowledged as the father of San Juan City. Afterwards, Republic Act No. 9388, otherwise known as An Act Converting the Municipality of San Juan into a Highly Urbanized City to be Known as the City of San Juan, was passed into law and ratified through a plebiscite on June 16, 2007.
On May 27, 1988, the municipal legislative body declared March 27 as Araw ng San Juan or San Juan Day and officially requested the national government to declare the day as a special nonworking holiday. The said request was granted through Proclamation No. 146 signed by President Fidel V. Ramos on February 27, 1993. Then on January 10, 1994, Republic Act No. 7669 took effect and it instituted the 27th of March as a special nonworking holiday.
How to reach San Juan City
Ssan Juan City is about twenty kilometers away from Ninoy Aquino International Airport.
- Republic Act No. 7669. Official Gazette. Retrieved March 23, 2023
- Repubic Act No. 9388. Official Gazette. Retrieved March 23, 2023
- Act No. 1625. Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved March 23, 2023
- Proclamation 146, s. 1993. Official Gazette. Retrieved March 23, 2023
- San Juan City at a Glance. Metro News Central. Retrieved March 23, 2023
- Gelaine Louise Gutierrez. San Juan celebrates 15th year cityhood. Philippine Information Agency. June 17, 2022. Retrieved March 23, 2023
- R-Wayne F. Lipardo. #WeekendTrip: History ‘flows’ underneath the City of San Juan. Manila Bulletin. July 30, 2022. Retrieved March 23, 2023
- San Juan City Government. Retrieved March 23, 2023