History of Trece Martires City
Trece Martires City, formerly known as Quintana, was considered one of the oldest areas located within the borders of Tanza, Cavite. During Spanish colonial era it was one of the territories of a large estate owned by the church.
Over time, its population increased as a result of gradual movement of people from neighboring areas and from as far as Batangas. Most of them found livelihood in farming particularly in the cultivation of sugarcane and in the raising of cattle. They would later own the lands under their care from an agrarian program by the government.
Development came within the administration of President Ramon Magsaysay when it was granted cityhood status. He signed Republic Act No. 981, which emanated from House Bill 1795 introduced by Representative Jose T. Cajulis and Senator Justiniano S. Montano, on May 24, 1954. This is the date that the yearly founding anniversary commemorates.
The law is otherwise known as “An Act Establishing the New Capital of the Province of Cavite, and Providing a Charter Therefor, and for Other Purposes.” It paved the way not only the transformation to a city but also its new name, Trece Martires City.
Its name is a tribute to the thirteen martyrs (from Spanish trece martires) accused of conspiracy with the Filipino revolutionaries that resulted to an uprising on August 31, 1896. They were executed by the Spanish authorities on September 12, 1896. The thirteen constituent barangays of the city are likewise named after them.
These martyrs of Cavite are:
- Luis Aguado
- Eugenio Cabezas
- Feliciano Cabuco
- Agapito Conchu
- Alfonso de Ocampo
- Maximo Gregorio
- Maximo Inocencio
- Jose Lallana
- Severino Lapidario
- Victoriano Luciano III
- Francisco Osorio
- Hugo Perez
- Antonio San Agustin
The first officials of the newly created city were officers of the provincial government of Cavite with the governor and provincial board acting as ex officio mayor and city council, respectively.
Its first ex officio mayor was Dominador Mangubat. He was succeeded by Delfin Montano upon the inauguration of the provincial capitol on January 1, 1956. It was also the date that Trece Martires was made the capital of Cavite.
The status as provincial capital was affirmed subsequently by Republic Act 1912 on June 22, 1957 and Republic Act 2139 on April 7, 1959. These laws also reorganized the limits of the city and expanded the total land area under its jurisdiction.
However, the capital was moved to Imus by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 1163 that was signed by Ferdinand Marcos on . Amidst the transfer, Trece Martires City remains the de facto capital due to the presence of offices of the provincial government.
The first election of city officials were made possible through the passage of Republic Act 7325, otherwise known as “Act providing local elections of the City of Trece Martires.” It was signed by President Corazon C. Aquino on March 31, 1992.
How to reach Trece Martires City
Public transport is available from Metro Manila to Trece Martires City.
- History of Trese Martires City. City Government of Trece Martires. Retrieved May 2, 2023
- Trece Martires City. Provincial Government of Cavite. Retrieved May 2, 2023
- Republic Act No. 981. LawPhil. Retrieved May 2, 2023
- Republic Act No. 7325. Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved May 2, 2023
- REPUBLIC ACT NO. 1912, June 22, 1957. Supreme Court of the Philippines E-Library. Retrieved May 2, 2023
- Presidential Decree No. 1163, s. 1977. Official Gazette. Retrieved May 2, 2023
- Labintatlong Martir ng Cavite. National Historical Commission of the Philippines. September 2021. Retrieved May 3, 2023
- Republic Act No. 1912. Legislative Digital Resources. Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved May 3, 2023
- Republic Act No. 2139. Legislative Digital Resources. Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved May 3, 2023
- REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7325, March 31, 1992. Supreme Court of the Philippines E-Library. Retrieved May 3, 2023
- Presidential Decree No. 1163, s. 1977. Official Gazette. Retrieved Retrieved May 3, 2023