Pasig City Founding Anniversary commemorates every July 2 the establishment of Pasig, Metro Manila, Philippines. The date may be declared a special non working holiday by the Office of the President (see Proclamation No. 1 in 2022).
History of Pasig City
Pasig City was a mission for Christianization by the Augustinian friars, and this riverside town was organized in 1572. Its name is from its landmark, the 27-kilometer long Pasig River, and the word pasig said to have originated from Sanskrit that denotes a channel; Pasig River is the body of water that connects Laguna and Manila Bay.
The river has been utilized as transport system, settlement (for food, water source, and fishing), and navigation throughout history. Communities sprang along its banks that grew over time during the span of the Spanish colonial period.
During the American occupation, it was one of the towns that comprised the province of Rizal according to Act No. 137 that was passed on June 11, 1901. The law (specifically Section 6) also declared Pasig as the capital of the province. Industrialization commenced during this time.
With the continued rise of companies and various industries came rapid deterioration of the waterway as pollution and wastewater made its way to the river.
Its status as a provincial capital remained until it was seceded to the newly formed Metropolitan Manila by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824 that was signed on November 7, 1975. The next decade was pivotal in its development and progress through the establishment of Ortigas Center a business district.
On July 26, 1994, Republic Act No. 7829 that transformed the town of Pasig to a city was approved by the Senate and the Congress. It was signed into law by President Fidel V. Ramos on December 8, 1994 and ratified via plebiscite on January 21, 1995.
How to reach Pasig City
From Ninoy Aquino International Airport, one can take the land transport (via cab or public commute) which is about 20 kilometers away.
- Presidential Decree No. 824. Official Gazette. Retrieved April 10, 2023
- Act No. 137. Supreme Court of the Philippines E-Library. Retrieved July 25, 2023
- Holidays — Pasig City. Legislative Digital Resources. Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved July 25, 2023
- Republic Act No. 7829. Supreme Court of the Philippines E-Library. Retrieved July 25, 2023
- Nailah Naniong. FAST FACTS: Pasig City. Rappler. July 2, 2015. Retrieved July 12, 2023
- The Grand Canal of Pasig. Asian Development Bank. September 2008. Retrieved July 12, 2023
- History. Pasig City Library. March 6, 2021. Retrieved July 12, 2023
- Alejandro R. Roces. Pasig’s place in history. Roses and Thorns. The Philippine Star. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2023
- Nathalie Grace Adalid. Pasig City in focus. The Philippine Star. May 27, 2023. July 12, 2023
- Drew Rabadon. Pasig River and the expressway: From the perspective of history. Manila Bulletin. May 21, 2022. Retrieved July 12, 2023
- Khriscielle Yalao. ‘Pasig through the years:’ Pasig City launches digital site to preserve collective history. Manila Bulletin. August 29, 2022. Retrieved July 12, 2023